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Milkweed in the GardenTags plant encyclopedia

Euphorbia peplus

 

Milkweed

Euphorbia peplus (petty spurge, radium weed, cancer weed, or milkweed) is a species of Euphorbia, native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, where it typically grows in cultivated arable land, gardens, and other disturbed land.It is an annual plant growing to between 5–30 cm tall (most plants growing as weeds of cultivation tend towards the smaller end), with smooth hairless stems. The leaves are oval-acute, 1–3 cm long, with a smooth margin. It has green flowers in three-rayed umbels. The glands, typical of the Euphorbiaceae, are kidney-shaped with long thin horns.

Contributed by @annieflorence

 
plant Features
  • Milkweed likes full sun to partial shade

    Full sun to partial shade

  • Milkweed likes very little water

    Very little water

  • Milkweed is full frost hardy: 5f (-15°c)

    Full Frost Hardy: 5F (-15°C)

  • Milkweed likes moist and free draining

    Moist and free draining

 
Similar plants are available to buy from 3 store(s) in the UK
 
plant information

Common name

Milkweed

Latin name

Euphorbia peplus

type

Annual

family

Euphorbiaceae

ph

5.0 - 7.5 Acid - Neutral

  • Light

    Milkweed likes full sun to partial shade

    Full sun to partial shade

  • Frost

    Milkweed is full frost hardy: 5f (-15°c)

    Full Frost Hardy: 5F (-15°C)

  • Soil

    Milkweed likes moist and free draining

    Moist and free draining

  • Water

    Milkweed likes very little water

    Very little water

Plant & bloom calendar

  •  
    Best time to plant

full grown dimensions

The size of a fully grown Milkweed is 0.25meters x 0.30meters 0.25 M 0.30 M

Euphorbia peplus

Euphorbia peplus (petty spurge, radium weed, cancer weed, or milkweed) is a species of Euphorbia, native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, where it typically grows in cultivated arable land, gardens, and other disturbed land.It is an annual plant growing to between 5–30 cm tall (most plants growing as weeds of cultivation tend towards the smaller end), with smooth hairless stems. The leaves are oval-acute, 1–3 cm long, with a smooth margin. It has green flowers in three-rayed umbels. The glands, typical of the Euphorbiaceae, are kidney-shaped with long thin horns.


Planting young plants

From Early Spring TO Early Spring

As a general rule, Spurge requires well-drained soil in full sun. They will tolerate shadier conditions, but none of the family is fussy about soil condition. They even thrive in very poor soils and can tolerate periods of drought.

 

Propagation

From Early Spring TO Early Spring

Spurge grows quite well from seeds sown indoors in pots. You can propagate Euphorbia more quickly and easily by gathering up the “volunteers” around an established plant. You may also root stem cuttings in a soilless medium, such as peat. Keep them lightly misted and enclose the pot in a bag to keep moisture in. Let the pot breathe once a day for an hour, so the soil does not mold. Once the cutting has rooted, you can pot it in regular soil or plant outdoors in moderate climates. One of the more important growing tips for Euphorbia is to let the stem cutting dry for a few days before planting. This allows the sap to form a callus on the cut end and prevents rotting.

 
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