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Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus in the GardenTags plant encyclopedia

Crocus sativus

 

Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus

Crocuses are plants which grow from corms, whose flowers can appear in Autumn, Winter or Spring depending on the species and cultivar. They are typically native to woodlands, scrub and meadows in a variety of conditions across Northern Africa, Middle East, Southern and Central Europe and across to Asia and China. They produce grass like foliage, with a central white stripe, and cup shaped flowers ranging from whites, mauves, lilacs and yellows. In cultivation, autumn crocus see flowers emerge followed by foliage. They are suitable for planting in groups in borders or rock gardens and some species naturalise in grass. Most require a well draining gritty soil and like full sun or dappled shade. In heavier soils, it is worth adding grit to help lighten the soil and improve drainage. Most crocus propagate through production of new corms, however a couple of species do very well naturally via seed. Crocus sativus bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas. The styles and stigmas, called threads, are collected and dried to be used mainly as a seasoning and colouring agent in food.

 
plant Features
  • Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus likes full sun to partial shade

    Full sun to partial shade

  • Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus likes very little water

    Very little water

  • Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus is full frost hardy: 5f (-15°c)

    Full Frost Hardy: 5F (-15°C)

  • Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus likes light and free draining

    Light and free draining

 
plant information

Common name

Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus

Latin name

Crocus sativus

type

Flowering corms

family

Iridaceae

ph

5.0 - 7.0 Acid - Neutral

  • Light

    Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus likes full sun to partial shade

    Full sun to partial shade

  • Frost

    Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus is full frost hardy: 5f (-15°c)

    Full Frost Hardy: 5F (-15°C)

  • Soil

    Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus likes light and free draining

    Light and free draining

  • Water

    Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus likes very little water

    Very little water

Plant & bloom calendar

  •  
    Best time to plant
  •  
    When the plant will bloom

full grown dimensions

The size of a fully grown Crocus (Species) Saffron Crocus is 0.01meters x 0.10meters 0.01 M 0.10 M

Crocus sativus

Crocuses are plants which grow from corms, whose flowers can appear in Autumn, Winter or Spring depending on the species and cultivar. They are typically native to woodlands, scrub and meadows in a variety of conditions across Northern Africa, Middle East, Southern and Central Europe and across to Asia and China. They produce grass like foliage, with a central white stripe, and cup shaped flowers ranging from whites, mauves, lilacs and yellows. In cultivation, autumn crocus see flowers emerge followed by foliage. They are suitable for planting in groups in borders or rock gardens and some species naturalise in grass. Most require a well draining gritty soil and like full sun or dappled shade. In heavier soils, it is worth adding grit to help lighten the soil and improve drainage. Most crocus propagate through production of new corms, however a couple of species do very well naturally via seed. Crocus sativus bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas. The styles and stigmas, called threads, are collected and dried to be used mainly as a seasoning and colouring agent in food.


Planting Season (Late Summer)

From Late Summer TO Early Autumn

Plant autumn crocus corms in late summer for flowering in early autumn. Crocus corms have a flattened base, and slightly pointed top. They should be planted in moist, free-draining soil that has been enriched with organic compost or well-rotted manure, in a sunny, or partially sunny site. Plant the corms before the first frost.

 

Flowering Season (Autumn)

From Early Autumn TO Late Autumn

Autumn Crocus flowers start to appear as early as late summer, through to late autumn.

 
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