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Sugar cane in the GardenTags plant encyclopedia

Saccharum officinarum

 

Sugar cane

Saccharum officinarum is a perennial true grass used in the production of sugar. It is native to Asia, but now cultivated throughout the tropics as a crop. It looks rather like bamboo cane, with tall stems 20-45 mm in diameter. The leaves are 70-150 cm long, up to 6 cm wide, and borne alternately on the stem, with the base of the leaf encircling the stem. The flower is a pinkish plume that arises above the foliage

Contributed by @mypottingbenchblog

 
plant Features
  • Sugar cane likes full sun

    Full sun

  • Sugar cane likes occasional watering

    Occasional watering

  • Sugar cane is not frost hardy

    Not Frost hardy

  • Sugar cane likes free draining

    Free draining

 
plant information

Common name

Sugar cane

Latin name

Saccharum officinarum

type

Grass

family

Poaceae

ph

6.0 - 7.7 Acid - Neutral

  • Light

    Sugar cane likes full sun

    Full sun

  • Frost

    Sugar cane is not frost hardy

    Not Frost hardy

  • Soil

    Sugar cane likes free draining

    Free draining

  • Water

    Sugar cane likes occasional watering

    Occasional watering

Plant & bloom calendar

  •  
    Best time to plant

full grown dimensions

The size of a fully grown Sugar cane is 0.00meters x 5.00meters 0.00 M 5.00 M

Saccharum officinarum

Saccharum officinarum is a perennial true grass used in the production of sugar. It is native to Asia, but now cultivated throughout the tropics as a crop. It looks rather like bamboo cane, with tall stems 20-45 mm in diameter. The leaves are 70-150 cm long, up to 6 cm wide, and borne alternately on the stem, with the base of the leaf encircling the stem. The flower is a pinkish plume that arises above the foliage


Propagating

From Late Summer TO Early Autumn

Sugar canes are all hybrids, and using seed to propagate would result in plants that are different from the parent. Consequently sugar cane is propagated by dividing a favourable species, which will then create more clones. The plants spread by underground rhizomes, so a mature plant can be divided by digging up a section of the plant and replanting it in the desired position.

 

Planting

From Late Summer TO Early Autumn

Sugar cane is a tropical plant, and will only grow in tropical or sub-tropical conditions. It needs moist, free-draining, moderately fertile soil, and full sun. Sugar cane is usually planted in furrows.

 
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