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Begonia in the GardenTags plant encyclopedia

Begonia

 

Begonia

Begonias are a complex group of perennial plants which can take a number of forms. They are in the family Begoniaceae which has many different species. Most are native to moist subtropical and tropical environments, and as such many of those are grown indoors as houseplants where temperatures are cooler. A number are also grown outdoors in cooler climates but although they are perennials they are treated horticulturally as annuals as they usually cannot withstand colder winters. Begonias can be divided or classified into a number of groups and culturally their requirements depend on which group they fall into. Such groups include (but not limited to) cane-like, tuberous, rhizomatous, semperflorens, rex and thick-stemmed. Different groups are grown for different reasons, some have mainly foliage interest whereas others are grown for flowers. Whilst some are limited to just houseplants, others can be grown outside in borders as bedding plants, containers and even hanging baskets, and can be either winter or summer flowering. Most require warmer temperatures to thrive, and naturally grow in tropical forests so do well in bright shade. Few will tolerate full sun. They prefer a moist well drained soil that is not too wet or allowed to dry out completely. Some - such as tuberous begonias - may have a dormant period whereas others will grow all year round. Most begonias are also easy to propagate via division, stem cuttings and even leaf cuttings. All begonias are frost tender, and all prefer slightly acidic soil although many tolerate a neutral PH. Most are small growing plants around 30cm tall, however some can grow much taller.

 
plant Features
  • Begonia likes partial shade

    Partial shade

  • Begonia likes occasional watering

    Occasional watering

  • Begonia is not frost hardy

    Not Frost hardy

  • Begonia likes moist and free draining

    Moist and free draining

 
Similar plants are available to buy from 3 store(s) in the UK
 
plant information

Common name

Begonia

Latin name

Begonia

type

Flowering plant

family

Begoniaceae

ph

5.5 - 7.5 Acid - Neutral

  • Light

    Begonia likes partial shade

    Partial shade

  • Frost

    Begonia is not frost hardy

    Not Frost hardy

  • Soil

    Begonia likes moist and free draining

    Moist and free draining

  • Water

    Begonia likes occasional watering

    Occasional watering

Plant & bloom calendar

  •  
    Best time to plant

full grown dimensions

The size of a fully grown Begonia is 0.30meters x 0.50meters 0.30 M 0.50 M

Begonia

Begonias are a complex group of perennial plants which can take a number of forms. They are in the family Begoniaceae which has many different species. Most are native to moist subtropical and tropical environments, and as such many of those are grown indoors as houseplants where temperatures are cooler. A number are also grown outdoors in cooler climates but although they are perennials they are treated horticulturally as annuals as they usually cannot withstand colder winters. Begonias can be divided or classified into a number of groups and culturally their requirements depend on which group they fall into. Such groups include (but not limited to) cane-like, tuberous, rhizomatous, semperflorens, rex and thick-stemmed. Different groups are grown for different reasons, some have mainly foliage interest whereas others are grown for flowers. Whilst some are limited to just houseplants, others can be grown outside in borders as bedding plants, containers and even hanging baskets, and can be either winter or summer flowering. Most require warmer temperatures to thrive, and naturally grow in tropical forests so do well in bright shade. Few will tolerate full sun. They prefer a moist well drained soil that is not too wet or allowed to dry out completely. Some - such as tuberous begonias - may have a dormant period whereas others will grow all year round. Most begonias are also easy to propagate via division, stem cuttings and even leaf cuttings. All begonias are frost tender, and all prefer slightly acidic soil although many tolerate a neutral PH. Most are small growing plants around 30cm tall, however some can grow much taller.


Planting

From Late Spring TO Early Summer

All Begonias do best in neutral or slightly acid soils or compost, and most prefer to be sited in partial shade. Some will suffer in the sun. All begonias are frost tender. When first planting young plants, it is worth removing any early flower buds, as this will allow the plant to reach its full size as quickly as possible. Where being used as bedding, plant out only when there is no risk of frost. Water in well but as with all begonias, try to keep water away from foliage if possible as although they like to be kept moist, too much water on the foliage can cause mildew and spoil your display.

 

Propagation by Seed

From Mid Winter TO Late Winter

Sow seed in mid to late winter in a propogator and maintain a temperature of 20-25C. Do not cover the seed with compost. Maintain high humidity with a fine water spray. Begonia seeds are very small and so care needs to be taken. As they begin to germinate, protect the seedlings from full direct sunlight and prick out after about six weeks. Begonias are among the more difficult plants to raise from seed. Even gardeners with well heated greenhouses often resort to buying small young plants in early or mid-spring to bring on to planting stage. Harden off before planting out.

 

Propagation by Cuttings

From Early Summer TO Late Summer

Begonias may be propogated by cuttings for additional plants. Divide in spring for more outdoor begonia plants. Cuttings can be done by taking a stem and taking off the lower leaves and making a fresh cut just under the nest leaf, dip into rooting compound and plant in a pot with damp sand to encourage roots, do not let it dry out.

 
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