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Peanut in the GardenTags plant encyclopedia

Arachis hypogaea

 

Peanut

This is a leguminous plant, grown mainly in the tropics or sub tropics, for the seeds and their oil. The familiar 'nut' is, in fact, an underground pod of the legume. The plant trails along the ground, and has pea-like foliage. Yellow tubular self fertile flowers are followed, after pollination, by elongated stalks that bear the pods that are pushed underground, from where they can be harvested. The seeds are contained in the hard papery case, and are up to 50% oil-rich. Like most leguminous plants it can "fix" nitrogen in the soil. The leaves can be eaten as a vegetable..

Contributed by @marg

 
plant Features
  • Peanut likes full sun

    Full sun

  • Peanut likes occasional watering

    Occasional watering

  • Peanut is not frost hardy

    Not Frost hardy

  • Peanut likes rich and free draining

    Rich and free draining

 
plant information

Common name

Peanut

Latin name

Arachis hypogaea

type

Annual

family

Fabaceae

ph

4.5 - 8.7 Acid - Neutral

  • Light

    Peanut likes full sun

    Full sun

  • Frost

    Peanut is not frost hardy

    Not Frost hardy

  • Soil

    Peanut likes rich and free draining

    Rich and free draining

  • Water

    Peanut likes occasional watering

    Occasional watering

Plant & bloom calendar

  •  
    Best time to plant
  •  
    When to harvest

full grown dimensions

The size of a fully grown Peanut is 0.50meters x 0.30meters 0.50 M 0.30 M

Arachis hypogaea

This is a leguminous plant, grown mainly in the tropics or sub tropics, for the seeds and their oil. The familiar 'nut' is, in fact, an underground pod of the legume. The plant trails along the ground, and has pea-like foliage. Yellow tubular self fertile flowers are followed, after pollination, by elongated stalks that bear the pods that are pushed underground, from where they can be harvested. The seeds are contained in the hard papery case, and are up to 50% oil-rich. Like most leguminous plants it can "fix" nitrogen in the soil. The leaves can be eaten as a vegetable..


Planting

From Early Spring TO Mid Spring

Peanuts require a long growing season Plant them in early to mid Spring when the soil has warmed up. Take the seeds out of their shells and remove the skins, and plant about 4 cms. deep, 8 cms. apart, and the rows 1 m. apart

 

Propagating by seed

From Early Spring TO Mid Spring

Plant seeds directly outdoors for areas with long growing seasons (they need 5 months of warm weather). In areas with short growing seasons, grow them in pots or containers for indoor plants. For outdoor plants, sow when the soil has warmed, and cover the seeds with an inch of soil and space the seeds 6 inches apart, and space the rows 24 - 36 inches apart.

 
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