When they are red they are hot hot for this type so if ya want hot hot then wait but some can be used now.. Larger ones.. Google preserving peppers. You can pickle them,dry them etc... Example https://www.thebossykitchen.com/how-to-preserve-hot-peppers-in-vinegar/ and https://www.chilipeppermadness.com/preserving-chili-peppers/how-to-preserve-chili-peppers/
https://www.wellpreserved.ca/chili-salt-updated-instructions-make/ and https://www.chilipeppermadness.com/chili-pepper-recipes/spice-blends/make-your-own-spicy-salt-blends/ you can also add other herbs to this to make flavored spice blends. Best wishes and google girl there is so many recipes for preserving storming drying freezing Cannon out there for your harvest of veggies and herbs. 😉 some are pretty damn tasty too.